The book contains data on more than 200 countries. This information could help policymakers, communities and other stakeholders weigh the value of natural resources and their role in development.
- Overfishing: 85 percent of the world’s ocean fisheries are fully exploited, over-exploited or depleted, causing annual global efficiency losses of $50 billion.
- Pollution: excess nitrogen runoff from fertilizers has resulted in large ‘dead zones’ in the ocean, covering some 250,000 km2, an area the size of Great Britain.
- Habitat loss or conversion: an estimated 35 percent of global mangrove area has been lost or converted, approximately 20 percent of the planet’s coral reefs have been destroyed in the last few decades, with more than a further 20 percent being degraded, and 30 percent of sea grass beds have been destroyed.
Source: The World Bank